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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Convex blazed gratings for high throughput spectrographs in space missions
Author(s): Frédéric Zamkotsian; Igor Zhurminsky; Patrick Lanzoni; Nicolas Tchoubaklian; Christian Schneider; Sören Fricke; Marc Schnieper; Fabian Lütolf; Clément Luitot; Vincent Costes

Paper Abstract

In next generation space instrumentation for Earth and Universe Observation, new instrument concepts include often non planar gratings. Their realization is complex and costly. We propose a new technology for designing and realizing convex blazed gratings for high throughput spectrographs.
For this purpose, our requirements are driven by a Digital-Micromirror-Device-based (DMD) MOS instrument to be mounted on the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) and called BATMAN. The two-arm instrument is providing in parallel imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. The objects/field selector is a 2048 x 1080 micromirrors DMD, placed at the focal plane of the telescope; it is used as a programmable multi-slit mask at the entrance of the spectrograph. The compact Offner-type spectrograph design contains a low density convex grating to disperse light. For optimization of the spectrograph efficiency, this convex grating must be blazed.
A blazed reflective grating has been designed with a period of 3300 nm and a blaze angle of 5.04°, and fabricated into convex substrates with 225 mm radius of curvature and a footprint diameter of 63.5 mm. The blaze is optimized for the center wavelength of 580 nm within the spectral range of 400 – 800 nm. Convex blazed gratings have been fabricated and coated with protected silver, with a final 5.7° blaze angle over the whole surface. Efficiency close to 90% on the 1st diffraction order at 700nm has been obtained.
This new type of non-planar reflective gratings will be the key component for future high throughput spectrographs in space missions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11180, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018, 1118051 (12 July 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2536100
Show Author Affiliations
Frédéric Zamkotsian, Aix Marseille Univ., LAM, CNRS (France)
Igor Zhurminsky, CSEM (Switzerland)
Patrick Lanzoni, Aix Marseille Univ., LAM, CNRS (France)
Nicolas Tchoubaklian, Aix Marseille Univ., LAM, CNRS (France)
Christian Schneider, CSEM (Switzerland)
Sören Fricke, CSEM (Switzerland)
Marc Schnieper, CSEM (Switzerland)
Fabian Lütolf, CSEM (Switzerland)
Clément Luitot, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Vincent Costes, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11180:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018
Zoran Sodnik; Nikos Karafolas; Bruno Cugny, Editor(s)

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