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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

On orbit real-time position and attitude metrology of long focal length optical system
Author(s): Yun Wang; Xiaoyong Wang; Yongli Hu; Shaoyuan Cheng

Paper Abstract

The urgent need for the precise, real-time position metrology between the optical components in a modern space camera is becoming more critical with the increased resolution, aperture, focal length, and light-weighted structure. Gravity offload, composite material humidity desorption, temperature cyclical variation with the illumination, and micro-vibration on platform would introduce unpredictable affect to decrease the imaging quality. The solution of the optical system disorders would mainly rely on the ground-based stimulation and on that basis, active optics compensation, which could not be accurate. This influence expands within the opto-mechanical structure complexity. This paper represents an implement solution for position and attitude metrology used for on-orbit real-time measurement. To deal with the contradiction of system accuracy and simplicity, we simplified the system to a measurement model equivalent to 6 degree of freedom Stewart Platform structure. The works on this paper tightly coupled to the accuracy requirement of a long focal length optical system. After carefully compare the systematic requirement and balance the implementation costs, we applied the common-path, multi-channel heterodyne interferometers to accomplish the large-scaled coarse measurement for the step disturbance and small-range fine measurement to sense the ambient vibration. The metrology accuracy analysis and error evaluation indicated an effectiveness of this metrology system, which met the requirement of our given optical system. It was indicated in this paper that the metrology method could be generalized in other optical systems and similar long focal length optical systems in the future.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11180, International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018, 111800B (12 July 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2535930
Show Author Affiliations
Yun Wang, Beijing Institute of Mechanics and Electricity (China)
Xiaoyong Wang, Beijing Institute of Mechanics and Electricity (China)
Yongli Hu, Beijing Institute of Mechanics and Electricity (China)
Shaoyuan Cheng, Beijing Institute of Mechanics and Electricity (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11180:
International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2018
Zoran Sodnik; Nikos Karafolas; Bruno Cugny, Editor(s)

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