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Proceedings Paper

A novel transfer learning framework for low-dose CT
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Paper Abstract

Over the past few years, deep neural networks have made significant processes in denoising low-dose CT images. A trained denoising network, however, may not generalize very well to different dose levels, which follows from the dose-dependent noise distribution. To address this practically, a trained network requires re-training to be applied to a new dose level, which limits the generalization abilities of deep neural networks for clinical applications. This article introduces a deep learning approach that does not require re-training and relies on a transfer learning strategy. More precisely, the transfer learning framework utilizes a progressive denoising model, where an elementary neural network serves as a basic denoising unit. The basic units are then cascaded to successively process towards a denoising task; i.e. the output of one network unit is the input to the next basic unit. The denoised image is then a linear combination of outputs of the individual network units. To demonstrate the application of this transfer learning approach, a basic CNN unit is trained using the Mayo low- dose CT dataset. Then, the linear parameters of the successive denoising units are trained using a different image dataset, i.e. the MGH low-dose CT dataset, containing CT images that were acquired at four different dose levels. Compared to a commercial iterative reconstruction approach, the transfer learning framework produced a substantially better denoising performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2019
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 11072, 15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, 110722Y (28 May 2019);
Show Author Affiliations
Hongming Shan, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Uwe Kruger, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Ge Wang, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11072:
15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
Samuel Matej; Scott D. Metzler, Editor(s)

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