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Proceedings Paper

A novel transfer learning framework for low-dose CT
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Paper Abstract

Over the past few years, deep neural networks have made significant processes in denoising low-dose CT images. A trained denoising network, however, may not generalize very well to different dose levels, which follows from the dose-dependent noise distribution. To address this practically, a trained network requires re-training to be applied to a new dose level, which limits the generalization abilities of deep neural networks for clinical applications. This article introduces a deep learning approach that does not require re-training and relies on a transfer learning strategy. More precisely, the transfer learning framework utilizes a progressive denoising model, where an elementary neural network serves as a basic denoising unit. The basic units are then cascaded to successively process towards a denoising task; i.e. the output of one network unit is the input to the next basic unit. The denoised image is then a linear combination of outputs of the individual network units. To demonstrate the application of this transfer learning approach, a basic CNN unit is trained using the Mayo low- dose CT dataset. Then, the linear parameters of the successive denoising units are trained using a different image dataset, i.e. the MGH low-dose CT dataset, containing CT images that were acquired at four different dose levels. Compared to a commercial iterative reconstruction approach, the transfer learning framework produced a substantially better denoising performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2019
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 11072, 15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, 110722Y (28 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2534848
Show Author Affiliations
Hongming Shan, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Uwe Kruger, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)
Ge Wang, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11072:
15th International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
Samuel Matej; Scott D. Metzler, Editor(s)

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