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Proceedings Paper

Impact of suicide bombings in Pakistan using spatial and temporal analysis
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Paper Abstract

Terrorism is a crucial issue of the contemporary world. Pakistan is one of the most affected countries from suicide attacks in recent years. Its impacts are so startling in different fields of life and it has been considered as the most important issue of Pakistan. The objective of this study was to find the impact said attacks on climate change specifically on temperature change due to suicide attacks happened in Pakistan during 1995 to 2016. This study is based on the data set compiled by Pakistan Body Count, which is the oldest and most authentic running tally of suicide attacks in Pakistan. Point density analysis technique was used to find out spatial distributions of suicide attacks and to visualize the most affected regions from the terroristic attacks. According to the point density analysis the areas around Peshawar city came out to be the most attacked region from suicide bombing in Pakistan during 1995 to 2016. To estimate the impact of temperature change due to suicide attacks, most attached city i.e. Peshawar was selected as a study area (75 out of 496 attacks happened during 1995 to 2016). Year wise temperature readings (maximum, minimum and average temperature) of Peshawar city during 2009 to 2015 were extracted and analyzed. The analysis reports that there is a direct relationship between number of attacks in a region and temperature changes. Maximum temperature of 45°C was recorded in Peshawar city during 2009 due to the fact that maximum numbers of suicide attacks (20 out 75) were reported in Peshawar city during the year 2009. This study may help environmental protection department of the country to measure the temperature changes in a city so that they can optimize their counter activities by prioritizing the most attacked regions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11174, Seventh International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2019), 111740S (27 June 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2533579
Show Author Affiliations
Junaid Hassan, Univ. of Gujrat (Pakistan)
Muhammad Shahzad Sarfraz, National Univ. of Computer and Emerging Sciences (Pakistan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11174:
Seventh International Conference on Remote Sensing and Geoinformation of the Environment (RSCy2019)
Kyriacos Themistocleous; Giorgos Papadavid; Silas Michaelides; Vincent Ambrosia; Diofantos G. Hadjimitsis, Editor(s)

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