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Proceedings Paper

An on-orbit infrared intercalibration reference standard for decadal climate trending of the Earth
Author(s): Joe K. Taylor; Henry E. Revercomb; Fred A. Best; Robert O. Knuteson; David C. Tobin; P. Jon Gero; Doug Adler; Mark Mulligan
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Paper Abstract

The value of operational satellite systems for decadal climate trending can be greatly enhanced by implementing on-orbit transfer standards for testing and improving calibration accuracy. This concept is an important part of the Climate Absolute Radiance and Reflectivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission recommended as a Tier 1 mission in the 2007 Decadal Survey.

The Absolute Radiance Interferometer (ARI) was designed to measure absolute spectrally resolved infrared radiance (200 – 2700 cm-1 at 0.5 cm-1) with ultra-high accuracy (<0.1 K, k = 3 brightness temperature). A key feature of the ARI instrument is the On-orbit Verification and Test System (OVTS), which provides end-to-end calibration verification of the ARI measurements with direct on-orbit traceability to international standards (SI). The ARI instrument has demonstrated the required radiometric accuracy for CLARREO and has achieved NASA Technology Readiness Level 6.

The International Space Station (ISS) would provide an affordable opportunity to demonstrate this new capability. The ISS orbit gives good time of day coverage for latitudes below 52 degrees, and the natural precession of the ISS offers many orbit crossings for radiance intercomparisons with operational satellites in sun-synchronous orbits. Thus, the ARI could serve as an on-orbit reference calibration standard for the operational infrared sounders, and these sounders could in turn be used to create climate benchmark products at all latitudes. In this approach, an ARI mission on the ISS would leverage operational instruments to provide a demonstration of the new climate decadal trending capability offered by spectrally resolved radiances with high accuracy proven on-orbit.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 11151, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XXIII, 1115116 (10 October 2019);
Show Author Affiliations
Joe K. Taylor, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Henry E. Revercomb, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Fred A. Best, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Robert O. Knuteson, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
David C. Tobin, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
P. Jon Gero, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Doug Adler, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Mark Mulligan, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11151:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XXIII
Steven P. Neeck; Philippe Martimort; Toshiyoshi Kimura, Editor(s)

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