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Evaluation of Sentinel-1 and -2 time series to derive crop phenology and biomass of wheat and rapeseed: northern France and Brittany case studies
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Paper Abstract

Crop monitoring at a fine scale is critical from an environmental perspective since it provide crucial information to combine increased food production and sustainable management of agricultural landscapes. The recent Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Sentinel-1 (S-1) and optical Sentinel-2 (S-2) time series offer a great opportunity to monitor cropland (structure, biomass and phenology) due to their high spatial and temporal resolutions. In this study, we assessed the potential of Sentinel data to derive Wet Biomass (WB), Dry biomass (DB), water content and crop Phenological Stages (PS). This study focuses on wheat and rapeseed, which represent two of the most important seasonal crops of the world in terms of occupied area. Satellites and ground data were collected over two French temperate agricultural landscapes, in northern France and Brittany. Spectral bands and vegetation indices were derived from the S-2 images and backscattering coefficients and polarimetric indicators from the S-1 images. We used linear models to estimate the Crop Parameters (CP) of wheat and rapeseed crops. Satellite images were then classified using a random forest incremental procedure based on the importance rank of the input features to discriminate PS. Results showed that S-1 features were more efficient than S-2 features to estimate CP of rapeseed while S-2 features were better for wheat. We demonstrated the high potential of S-1 and 2 to predict principal PS (kappa=0.75) while secondary PS were misclassified. For wheat, the succession of PS predicted was consistent, further research is required to confirm the potential of S-1 and 2.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 2019
PDF: 19 pages
Proc. SPIE 11149, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XXI, 1114903 (21 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2533132
Show Author Affiliations
Audrey Mercier, Univ. Rennes 2 (France)
Julie Betbeder, CIRAD, Univ. Montpellier (France)
Ctr. Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza (Costa Rica)
Jacques Baudry, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (France)
Julien Denize, Univ. Rennes 2 (France)
IETR, CNRS, Univ. of Rennes (France)
Vincent Leroux, Unité Ecologie et Dynamiques des Systèmes Anthropisés, CNRS, Univ. de Picardie Jules Verne (France)
Jean-Luc Roger, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (France)
Fabien Spicher, Unité Ecologie et Dynamiques des Systèmes Anthropisés, CNRS, Univ. de Picardie Jules Verne (France)
Laurence Hubert-Moy, Univ. Rennes 2 (France)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11149:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XXI
Christopher M. U. Neale; Antonino Maltese, Editor(s)

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