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Proceedings Paper

Modelling of UAV range measurement
Author(s): Teodor Balaz; Jaroslav Krejci; Frantisek Racek
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Paper Abstract

Nowadays, there is wide spectrum of areas of use of small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, drones). Their low cost, flexibility of use, low service cost and independence on infrastructure make them ideal carriers of different cargo. This fact brings many significant safety risk and threats. Especially aerial survey, flight zones disruptions and transport dangerous cargo. Above mentioned threat can be eliminated by: disabling navigation and control features, taking control over the steering and object destruction. One of the possible typically military solutions of that situation, is destruction by shooting. The most common way of solving the above task, is the use of barrel weapons of individual shooter or small military units. Therefore, we focused our effort on preventing the UAV mission accomplishing by its shooting destruction. To accomplish the task, in addition to detection and identification, we consider the distance determination as a fundamental problem. For the purposes of this paper, the distance determination we consider as a “localization”. Comparison of UAV localization options is the issue of this paper. Two localizations methods have been defined. Localization option include active method (ILR – impulse laser rangefinder) and passive method (triangulation method). Using mathematical modelling we proved, that ILR measurement is possible. To determine a distance with a defined probability we designed specific measurement frequency. For a predetermined type of UAV and ILR we identified the maximum distance that can be measured. In the second part of this paper, we analyzed the accuracy of localization using the triangulation method. The accuracy of localization using this method is dependent on the squared of the UAV distance. There are two significant advantage of this method: measurements can be made continuously and multiple objects in the field of view can be measured at the same time. This article is part of a planned publishing activity dealing with the issue

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 October 2019
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 11166, Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, Forensics, and Surveillance Technologies III, 111660F (7 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2533043
Show Author Affiliations
Teodor Balaz, Univ. of Defence (Czech Republic)
Jaroslav Krejci, Univ. of Defence (Czech Republic)
Frantisek Racek, Univ. of Defence (Czech Republic)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11166:
Counterterrorism, Crime Fighting, Forensics, and Surveillance Technologies III
Henri Bouma; Radhakrishna Prabhu; Robert James Stokes; Yitzhak Yitzhaky, Editor(s)

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