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Proceedings Paper

Farming systems monitoring using machine learning and trend analysis methods based on fitted NDVI time series data in a semi-arid region of Morocco
Author(s): Y. Lebrini; T. Benabdelouahab; A. Boudhar; A. Htitiou; R. Hadria; H. Lionboui
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Paper Abstract

Managers and policy makers demand information on agriculture dynamics and distribution for the establishment of plans and strategies. For this purpose, the use of remote sensing data constitute an essential key to follow-up the agricultural systems dynamics. The aim of this study is to define a method based on fitted Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) time series extracted from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), trend analysis tests and machine learning approaches for assessing and monitoring farming systems in a semi-arid region of Morocco. NDVI time series were smoothed using TIMESAT software for the period between 2000 and 2018. Then, three trend analysis tests were conducted which are: monotonic trend (Mann-Kendall), Man-Kendall significance and median trend (Theil-Sen). In addition, Random Forest (RF) classification methods were performed to classify the main agricultural cover type over the study area for the 2017/2018 cropping season. The results demonstrated the ability of fitted NDVI data and RF classification to identify the main agricultural systems, which are: 1) irrigated annual crop, 2) irrigated perennial crop, 3) rainfed areas and 4) fallow. Analysis of trend patterns based on fitted NDVI values shows high variability over the farming systems. Irrigated annual and perennial crops present high improvement of biomass activity with a small inter-variability with significant trend. For the Rainfed area and fallow, these classes show a non-significant trend with low degradation of productivity. In addition, these results can constitute a relevant means of control and spatio-temporal monitoring of farming systems. Overall, the results are relevant for managers and policy makers to develop procedures and actions in order to prevent environmental and agricultural events resulted from the spatio-temporal changes in farming systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 October 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11149, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XXI, 111490S (21 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2532928
Show Author Affiliations
Y. Lebrini, Sultan Moulay Slimane Univ. (Morocco)
National Institute of Agronomic Research (Morocco)
T. Benabdelouahab, National Institute of Agronomic Research (Morocco)
A. Boudhar, Sultan Moulay Slimane Univ. (Morocco)
Mohammed VI Polytechnic Univ. (Morocco)
A. Htitiou, Sultan Moulay Slimane Univ. (Morocco)
National Institute of Agronomic Research (Morocco)
R. Hadria, National Institute of Agronomic Research (Morocco)
H. Lionboui, National Institute of Agronomic Research (Morocco)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11149:
Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology XXI
Christopher M. U. Neale; Antonino Maltese, Editor(s)

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