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X-ray testing of silicon pore optics
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Paper Abstract

Silicon Pore Optics is the X-ray mirror technology selected for the European Space Agency's Athena X-ray observatory. We describe the X-ray testing and characterization cycle that the optics are subjected to at the PTB's X-ray Pencil/Paraller Beam Facility (XPBF) 1 and 2 beamlines at the synchrotron radiation facility BESSY II. Individual stacks are measured with a pencil beam to determine their optical quality and the orientation of the optical axis. Using metrics based on X-ray and manufacturing metrology, stacks are then paired in primary-secondary Wolter-I-like systems, that are in turn characterized to determine their optical performance. Finally, four stacks, two primaries and two secondaries, are assembled into a mirror module, that is also characterized, with pencil and wide X-ray beams. At each step models, metrology, and software are combined to arrive at the relevant parameters. We describe the methods used, and illustrate how the performance of imaging pairs can be described in terms of stack-level parameters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11119, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy IX, 111190I (9 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2530977
Show Author Affiliations
Giuseppe Vacanti, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Nicolas M. Barrière, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Maximilien J. Collon, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Enrico Hauser, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Ljubiša Babić, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Alex Bayerle, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
David Girou, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Ramses Günther, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Laurens Keek, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Boris Landgraf, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Ben Okma, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Sjoerd Verhoeckx, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Mark Vervest, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Luc Voruz, cosine B.V. (Netherlands)
Marcos Bavdaz, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
Eric Wille, European Space Research and Technology Ctr. (Netherlands)
Michael Krumrey, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Peter Müller, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Evelyn Handick, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11119:
Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy IX
Stephen L. O'Dell; Giovanni Pareschi, Editor(s)

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