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Proceedings Paper

Neuromorphic tactile sensor array based on fiber Bragg gratings to encode object qualities
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Paper Abstract

Emulating the sense of touch is fundamental to endow robotic systems with perception abilities. This work presents an unprecedented mechanoreceptor-like neuromorphic tactile sensor implemented with fiber optic sensing technologies. A robotic gripper was sensorized using soft and flexible tactile sensors based on Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) transducers and a neuro-bio-inspired model to extract tactile features. The FBGs connected to the neuron model emulated biological mechanoreceptors in encoding tactile information by means of spikes. This conversion of inflowing tactile information into event-based spikes has an advantage of reduced bandwidth requirements to allow communication between sensing and computational subsystems of robots. The outputs of the sensor were converted into spiking on-off events by means of an architecture implemented in a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) and applied to robotic manipulation tasks to evaluate the effectiveness of such information encoding strategy. Different tasks were performed with the objective to grant fine manipulation abilities using the features extracted from the grasped objects (i.e., size and hardness). This is envisioned to be a futuristic sensor technology combining two promising technologies: optical and neuromorphic sensing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 September 2019
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 11136, Optics and Photonics for Information Processing XIII, 1113608 (6 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2530733
Show Author Affiliations
Sahana Prasanna, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italy)
Luca Massari, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italy)
Ca’ Foscari Univ. of Venice (Italy)
Edoardo Sinibaldi, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (Italy)
Renaud Detry, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
NASA (United States)
Joseph Bowkett, California Institute of Technology (United States)
Kalind Carpenter, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
NASA (United States)
Calogero Maria Oddo, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11136:
Optics and Photonics for Information Processing XIII
Khan M. Iftekharuddin; Abdul A. S. Awwal; Victor H. Diaz-Ramirez; Andrés Márquez, Editor(s)

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