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Proceedings Paper

Acoustic graphene plasmons in atomically thin heterostructures (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Recent advances in nanofabrication technology now enable unprecedented control over 2D heterostructures, in which single- or few-atom thick materials with synergetic opto-electronic properties can be combined to develop next-generation devices [1,2]. Precise control of light can be achieved at the interface between 2D metal and dielectric layers, where surface plasmon polaritons strongly confine electromagnetic energy. Here we reveal quantum and finite-size effects in hybrid systems consisting of graphene and few-atomic-layer noble metals, based on a quantum description that captures the electronic band structure of these materials. We also examine the case where a dielectric such hexagonal Boron Nitride (hBN) is placed between graphene and the metal film. Specifically, we simulate the graphene and metal within the random-phase approximation, incorporating in the metal phenomenological information on the main characteristics of the conduction electronic band structure, such as surface states, electron spill out, and a directional band gap associated with bulk atomic-layer corrugation [3]. These phenomena are found to play an important role in the metal screening of the plasmonic fields, determining the extent to which they propagate in the graphene layer. Remarkably, we find that a monoatomic metal layer is capable of pushing graphene plasmons toward the intraband transition region, rendering them acoustic, while the addition of more metal layers only produces minor changes in the dispersion but strongly affects the lifetime. We further find that a quantum approach is required to correctly account for the sizable Landau damping associated with single-particle excitations in the metal. We anticipate that these results will aid in the design of future platforms for extreme light-matter interaction of the nanoscale. References [1] D. N. Basov, M. M. Fogler and F. J. García de Abajo, Polaritons in van derWaals Materials. Science 354, aag1992 (2016). [2] D. Alcaraz Iranzo, S. Nanot, E. J. C. Dias, I. Epstein, C. Peng, D. K. Efetov, M. B. Lundeberg, R. Parret, J. Osmond, J. Y. Hong et al., Probing the ultimate plasmon confinement limits with a van der Waals heterostructure. Science 360, 291–295 (2018). [3] E. V. Chulkov, V. M. Silkin and P. M. Echenique, Surface science 437, 330-352 (1999) Acknowledgements This work has been supported in part by the Spanish MINECO (MAT2017-88492-R and SEV2015-0522), ERC (Advanced Grant 789104-eNANO), the Catalan CERCA Program, and Fundació Privada Cellex. A.R.E. acknowledges a grant cofounded by the Generalitat de Catalunya and the European Social Fund FEDER

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 2019
Proc. SPIE 11091, Quantum Nanophotonic Materials, Devices, and Systems 2019, 110910D (10 September 2019);
Show Author Affiliations
Álvaro Rodríguez Echarri, ICFO - Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (Spain)
Joel D. Cox, ICFO - Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (Spain)
F. Javier García de Abajo, ICFO - Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11091:
Quantum Nanophotonic Materials, Devices, and Systems 2019
Cesare Soci; Matthew T. Sheldon; Mario Agio, Editor(s)

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