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Proceedings Paper

Measurements of dark triplet exciton diffusion in a phosphor-sensitized organic photovoltaic cell
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Paper Abstract

Organic photovoltaic cell performance is limited in part by a short exciton diffusion length (LD). While state-of-the-art devices address this challenge using a morphology-optimized bulk heterojunction (BHJ), longer LD would relax domainsize constraints and enable higher efficiency in simple bilayer architectures. One approach to increase LD is to exploit long-lived triplet excitons in fluorescent materials. Though these states do not absorb light, they can be populated using a host-guest triplet-sensitized architecture. Photogenerated host singlets undergo energy transfer to a guest, which rapidly forms triplets that are transferred back to the long-lived host triplet state. Previous efforts have been focused on Pt- and Irbased guests. Here, a host-guest pairing of metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) and copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) is explored, advantageous as the guest also has strong and complementary optical absorption. In optimized devices (20 vol.% CuPc), the short-circuit current is enhanced by 20%. To probe the origin of the enhancement, the exciton LD is measured using a device-based methodology that relies on fitting ratios of donor-to-acceptor internal quantum efficiency as a function of layer thickness. Compared with the neat H2Pc, the LD of the 20 vol.% CuPc doped layer increases from (8.5 ± 0.4) nm to (13.4 ± 1.6 nm), confirming the increased device current comes from enhanced exciton harvesting.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 October 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11094, Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XX, 110941Q (10 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2528883
Show Author Affiliations
Kaicheng Shi, Univ. of Minnesota (United States)
Ian J. Curtin, Univ. of Minnesota (United States)
Andrew T. Healy, Univ. of Minnesota (United States)
Tao Zhang, Univ. of Minnesota (United States)
David A. Blank, Univ. of Minnesota (United States)
Russell J. Holmes, Univ. of Minnesota (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11094:
Organic, Hybrid, and Perovskite Photovoltaics XX
Zakya H. Kafafi; Paul A. Lane; Kwanghee Lee, Editor(s)

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