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Proceedings Paper

Physical modeling of NOAA-20 VIIRS solar diffuser stability monitor sun view screen transmittance
Author(s): Xi Shao; Taeyoung Choi; Changyong Cao; Tung-Chang Liu; Slawomir Blonski; Sirish Uprety; Bin Zhang
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Paper Abstract

The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard NOAA-20 satellite is designed with an onboard calibration system, including a solar diffuser (SD) and a SD stability monitor (SDSM) to monitor and maintain the radiometric quality of the calibrated Reflective Solar Band (RSB) data products. Comparison between pre-launch SDSM Sun view transmittance and the transmittance derived from post-launch yaw-maneuver data showed noticeable differences, which result in large uncertainty in the SD reflectance characterization. In particular, there were large oscillations in the SD reflectance trending due to the under-sampling of the angular variation of the SDSM Sun view transmittance using the yaw-maneuver data alone. This paper develops a physical model to simulate the NOAA-20 VIIRS SDSM Sun view transmittance. The dependences of the VIIRS SDSM Sun view transmittance on the pinhole diameter and spacing, Sun view screen thickness, and the orientation between the aperture stop and the Sun view screen are studied. The modeled SDSM Sun view transmittance is compared with that derived from the combined regular SDSM data and the yaw maneuver data. The origin of the post-launch oscillatory spikes of the NOAA-20 VIIRS SDSM Sun view transmittance is traced to the Sun view screen geometry and orientation variation between the Sun view screen and the aperture stop. The simulation results help understand the impacts of the geometric variation in the SDSM optical system on the solar calibration of NOAA-20 VIIRS.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11127, Earth Observing Systems XXIV, 111271R (9 September 2019);
Show Author Affiliations
Xi Shao, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)
Taeyoung Choi, Global Science & Technology, Inc. (United States)
Changyong Cao, NOAA National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (United States)
Tung-Chang Liu, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)
Slawomir Blonski, Global Science & Technology, Inc. (United States)
Sirish Uprety, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)
Bin Zhang, Univ. of Maryland, College Park (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11127:
Earth Observing Systems XXIV
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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