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Proceedings Paper

Designer thin-film based perfect light absorption and its applications in structural coloring, gas sensing, and solar-thermal conversion (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Perfect light absorption (PLA) in nanophotonics has a wide range of applications from solar-thermal based applications to radiative cooling. However, most of the proposed platforms require intense lithography which makes them of minor practical relevance. On the other hand, thin-film light absorbers are lithographically free and can be deposited cheaply on large area based on matured technologies. However, thin-film light absorbers were thought to have major limitation and cannot be tailored compared to metamaterials. Here, we show how to design PLA using thin-films in terms of wavelength range, bandwidth, spatial profile of optical losses, directionality and iridescence. We also show that iridescent free, PLA can occur by simply heating metallic thin-films when the metal is of low reflectance and its oxide is of high refractive index. We theoretically and experimentally demonstrate Generalized Brewster angle effect in thin film light absorbers. In addition, we demonstrate hydrogen sensing using three different PLA strategies showing record sensitivity and figure of merit. Furthermore, we show various strategies to create ultra-pure structural colors. Finally, we demonstrate different solar-thermal applications for novel thin-film PLA designs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 2019
Proc. SPIE 11089, Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, Thin Films, and Devices XVI, 1108904 (10 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2528370
Show Author Affiliations
Mohamed El Kabbash, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Theodor Letsou, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Michael R. Hinczewski, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Giuseppe r Strangi, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Chunlei Guo, Univ. of Rochester (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11089:
Nanoengineering: Fabrication, Properties, Optics, Thin Films, and Devices XVI
Balaji Panchapakesan; André-Jean Attias, Editor(s)

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