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Optomechanical design considerations for a vacuum window for optical and infrared interferometry
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Paper Abstract

We present the results of analysis of a 6 in. diameter vacuum window. The design prevents contact between the metallic mounting cell and the glass window material, which can be a source of failure in the glass. The window transmits optical and infrared wavelengths for multi-baseline interferometry at the Navy Precision Optical Interferometer (NPOI). Our analysis investigates possible interactive contact with the mounting cell and consequent failure of the window. Our design philosophy is to avoid overconstraining the glass window and maintain integrity of the vacuum seal through diurnal and seasonal temperature changes. The objective is to create no additional crack nucleation sites or initiate cracking in the brittle material due to the mount design. The window is unconstrained laterally and free to expand radially. Furthermore, the glass is free to expand in the thickness direction over the expected temperature range. The lack of contact due to thermal expansion over a broad temperature range and bending stresses due to loading were calculated to ensure the integrity of the assembly. In this paper, we describe our design approach, method of analysis, results, and recommendations. Our analysis shows that a simply supported window can be designed to achieve no metal to glass contact.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 August 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 11100, Optomechanical Engineering 2019, 1110002 (30 August 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2528204
Show Author Affiliations
F. Ernesto Penado, Northern Arizona Univ. (United States)
James H. Clark III, U.S. Naval Research Lab. (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11100:
Optomechanical Engineering 2019
Keith B. Doyle; Jonathan D. Ellis, Editor(s)

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