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Proceedings Paper

GaN-based distributed feedback laser diodes for optical communications
Author(s): Steffan Gwyn; Scott Watson; Shaun Viola; Giovanni Giuliano; Thomas J. Slight; Szymon Stanczyk; Szymon Grzanka; Amit Yadav; Kevin E. Docherty; Edik Rafailov; Piotr Perlin; Stephen P. Najda; Mike Leszczynski; Anthony E. Kelly
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Paper Abstract

Over the past 20 years, research into Gallium Nitride (GaN) has evolved from LED lighting to Laser Diodes (LDs), with applications ranging from quantum to medical and into communications. Previously, off-the-shelf GaN LDs have been reported with a view on free space and underwater communications. However, there are applications where the ability to select a single emitted wavelength is highly desirable, namely in atomic clocks or in filtered free-space communications systems. To accomplish this, Distributed Feedback (DFB) geometries are utilised. Due to the complexity of overgrowth steps for buried gratings in III-Nitride material systems, GaN DFBs have a grating etched into the sidewall to ensure single mode operation, with wavelengths ranging from 405nm to 435nm achieved. The main motivation in developing these devices is for the cooling of strontium ions (Sr+ ) in atomic clock applications, but their feasibility for optical communications have also been investigated. Data transmission rates exceeding 1 Gbit/s have been observed in unfiltered systems, and work is currently ongoing to examine their viability for filtered communications. Ultimately, transmission through Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) or Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) is desired, to ensure that data is communicated more coherently and efficiently. We present results on the characterisation of GaN DFBs, and demonstrate their capability for use in filtered optical communications systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 October 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11207, Fourth International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, 112070O (3 October 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2527074
Show Author Affiliations
Steffan Gwyn, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Scott Watson, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Shaun Viola, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Giovanni Giuliano, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)
Thomas J. Slight, Compound Semiconductor Technologies Global Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Szymon Stanczyk, TopGaN Lasers (Poland)
Szymon Grzanka, TopGaN Lasers (Poland)
Amit Yadav, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Kevin E. Docherty, Kelvin Nanotechnology Ltd. (United Kingdom)
Edik Rafailov, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Piotr Perlin, TopGaN Lasers (Poland)
Stephen P. Najda, TopGaN Lasers (Poland)
Mike Leszczynski, TopGaN Lasers (Poland)
Anthony E. Kelly, Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11207:
Fourth International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics
Manuel Filipe P. C. M. Martins Costa, Editor(s)

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