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Proceedings Paper

Terahertz emission from magnetic thin film and patterned heterostructures
Author(s): Sergi Lendinez; Yi Li; Weipeng Wu; Mojtaba Taghipour Kaffash; Qi Zhang; Wei Zhang; John E. Pearson; Ralu Divan; Richard D. Schaller; Axel Hoffmann; Haidan Wen; Matthias Benjamin Jungfleisch
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Paper Abstract

In recent years terahertz (THz) technology has been an emerging research field with a broad range of applications. THz radiation falls between the infrared and microwave radiation in the electromagnetic spectrum. Most THz sources to date are not related to the spin degree of freedom; however, recent research efforts in spintronics and ferromagnetism demonstrated that the electron spin offers completely new opportunities for the generation of ultrafast photocurrents. For instance, magnetic heterostructures are very easy to pattern and potentially allow to tailor THz emission characteristics by design. Here, we demonstrate that an ultrafast spin-current pulse driven by a femtosecond laser pulse can create THz transients in microstructured magnetic heterostructures due to the inverse spin Hall effect. We compare the THz electric field and the THz spectrum of a control CoFeB/Pt film with microstructured CoFeB/Pt wires as well as microstructured CoFeB/MgO wires patterned on an extended Pt film. We find that the THz electric field amplitude is proportional to the coverage of the CoFeB/Pt heterostructure on top of the MgO substrate. Furthermore, we analyze the magnetization direction dependence of the THz transients with respect to the easy axis of the ferromagnetic wire. The presented results are the first steps towards shaping and controlling the THz properties by microstructuring of spintronics-based THz emitters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 September 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 11090, Spintronics XII, 1109013 (16 September 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2526194
Show Author Affiliations
Sergi Lendinez, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Yi Li, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Weipeng Wu, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Mojtaba Taghipour Kaffash, Univ. of Delaware (United States)
Qi Zhang, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Wei Zhang, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Oakland Univ. (United States)
John E. Pearson, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Ralu Divan, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Richard D. Schaller, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Axel Hoffmann, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Haidan Wen, Argonne National Lab. (United States)
Matthias Benjamin Jungfleisch, Univ. of Delaware (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11090:
Spintronics XII
Henri-Jean M. Drouhin; Jean-Eric Wegrowe; Manijeh Razeghi, Editor(s)

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