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Proceedings Paper

Reactive oxygen species goes beyond photodynamic therapy (Conference Presentation)
Author(s): Xiaoyuan Chen

Paper Abstract

The reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated mechanism is the major cause underlying the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT). The PDT procedure is based on the cascade of synergistic effects between light, a photosensitizer (PS) and oxygen, which greatly favors the spatiotemporal control of the treatment. This procedure has also evoked several unresolved challenges at different levels including (i) the limited penetration depth of light, which restricts traditional PDT to superficial tumors; (ii) oxygen reliance does not allow PDT treatment of hypoxic tumors; (iii) light can complicate the phototherapeutic outcomes because of the concurrent heat generation; (iv) specific delivery of PSs to sub-cellular organelles for exerting effective toxicity remains an issue; and (v) side effects from undesirable white-light activation and self-catalyzation of traditional PSs. In this talk, the current status and the possible opportunities of nanomedicine for ROS generation for cancer therapy will be discussed in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 August 2019
Proc. SPIE 11070, 17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress, 110701K (14 August 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2525919
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaoyuan Chen, National Institutes of Health (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11070:
17th International Photodynamic Association World Congress
Tayyaba Hasan, Editor(s)

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