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Proceedings Paper

CO concentration measurements using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy behind the shock waves in Martian atmosphere
Author(s): Xin Lin; Dachuan Li; Fei Li; Xilong Yu
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Paper Abstract

Shock tube experiments are carried out to study the physical and chemical processes during a vehicle entry into the Mars atmosphere using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). CO concentration distributions are diagnosed behind a shock wave in a CO2-N2 mixture with three different conditions of initial pressure and velocity. The strong shock wave is established in a shock tube driven by combustion of hydrogen and oxygen. Time-resolved spectra of the Δv = 0 sequence of the B2Σ+ →X2Σ+ electronic transition of CN have been observed through OES. A precise analysis of the CN violet spectra is performed and used to determine rotational and vibrational temperatures. Two absorption lines in the first overtone band of CO near 2.33 μm, are selected from a HITRAN simulation to calibrate laser wavelength and detect the CO concentration. Combined with these temperature results using OES, CO concentrations in the thermal equilibrium region are derived, which are 2.91 × 1017 cm-3, 7.46 × 1017 cm-3 and 1.01 × 1018 cm-3, corresponding to equilibrium temperatures equal to 7000 ± 400 K, 7400 ± 300 K, 6000 ± 300 K in the low, medium and high pressure conditions, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 March 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11046, Fifth International Symposium on Laser Interaction with Matter, 110460A (29 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2524261
Show Author Affiliations
Xin Lin, Institute of Mechanics (China)
China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics (China)
Dachuan Li, China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics (China)
Fei Li, Institute of Mechanics (China)
Xilong Yu, Institute of Mechanics (China)
Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11046:
Fifth International Symposium on Laser Interaction with Matter
YiJun Zhao, Editor(s)

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