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Comparison of inversion methods of complex refractive index for rough surface objects by polarization measurement
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Paper Abstract

Determining index of refraction of rough surface object is important for target identification and classification by polarization measurement, but it is difficult to directly acquire the imaginary part of complex refractive index. Many numerical inverse methods are proposed, which are Vimal-Milo method and improved Vimal-Milo inversion method. The first method is evaluated by P-G model, which is based on scalar bidirectional reflectance distribution function with a mode of “polarization ratio – angle correlation”. But this method is only applied in almost specular reflection and its defects are explicit in application. The second method named improved Vimal-Milo method is proposed based on the mode of ‘relative polarization component – angle correlation’. In this method, the inversion formula for the complex refraction index was semi-empirical deduced and global search algorithms such as genetic algorithm or Hooke – Jeeves search algorithm were used. Although two inversion methods are same based on P-G model, polarization measurement are different of which one is polarization ratio and the other is S1 component. The simulation results showed that (1) roughness parameters (correlation length and height standard variance of microfacet) have little effect to inversion of complex refraction index, and they must be calibrated accurately. (2) stokes values and reflection angle have smaller effect and they can be measured by polarimeter and angulometer. (3) incident angle is strongly correlated with complex refraction index and must be measured largely and precisely. (4) we must try to avoid poor specular reflection condition and improve degree of polarization.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 March 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 11046, Fifth International Symposium on Laser Interaction with Matter, 110461A (29 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2524113
Show Author Affiliations
Yuntao Yang, Army Engineering Univ. (China)
Wenyuan Wu, Army Engineering Univ. (China)
Yanhua Huang, Army Engineering Univ. (China)
Xi Zhang, Army Engineering Univ. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11046:
Fifth International Symposium on Laser Interaction with Matter
YiJun Zhao, Editor(s)

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