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Proceedings Paper

Analysis of the space-charge field in photorefractive multiple quantum well structures under a moving gratings for a variable trapping coefficient
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Paper Abstract

Photorefractive quantum wells are nonlinear materials characterised by high sensitivity and a fairly fast response (≈ μs) at relatively low densities of optical power (μW/cm2). For structures working in the Franz-Keldysh geometry (with the electric field parallel to quantum wells) observed phenomena are related to the nonlinearity of electrons transport, i.e. the dependence of electron mobility on electric field intensity. This phenomenon plays an important role in photorefractive two-wave mixing, causing the shift of the space-charge field relative to the interference pattern, which allows obtaining high photorefractive gain, reaching 1000 cm-1 for E=10 kV/cm. One of the parameters of SI-MQW structures that affects nonlinear transport is the electron and hole trapping coefficient. In the literature describing the processes taking place in GaAs/AlGaAs quantum wells that value is presented as constant. In article, the authors describe experiments testing the effect of strong electric field on the electron and hole trapping coefficients for bulk GaAs. An analysis of how the electric field-dependent trapping coefficient affects the process of two-wave mixing in MQW structures is discussed in. The results presented therein relate only to the stationary interference pattern. However in some studies the shift of the electric field distribution relative to the distribution of light intensity is obtained by using a moving interference pattern. We present the results of a numerical analysis of the impact of the electric field-dependent carriers trapping coefficients on the space-charge field formation under a moving grating.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11045, Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2018, 110450Q (15 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2520352
Show Author Affiliations
Blazej Jablonski, West Pomeranian Univ. of Technology Szczecin (Poland)
Andrzej Ziółkowski, West Pomeranian Univ. of Technology Szczecin (Poland)
Marek Wichtowski, West Pomeranian Univ. of Technology Szczecin (Poland)
Ewa Weinert-Rączka, West Pomeranian Univ. of Technology Szczecin (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11045:
Optical Fibers and Their Applications 2018
Ryszard S. Romaniuk; Waldemar Wójcik; Andrzej Smolarz, Editor(s)

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