Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

High spatial resolution physical and chemical sensing based on BOFDA
Author(s): A. Minardo; Agnese Coscetta; Ester Catalano; Romeo Bernini; Luigi Zeni
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $17.00 $21.00

Paper Abstract

Brillouin fiber sensors permit to perform distributed temperature and strain measurements along an optical fiber through the changes of the Brillouin Frequency Shift (BFS). In conventional Brillouin schemes operating in the time-domain, the BFS is detected by analyzing the interaction between a pulsed pump wave, and a counter-propagating probe wave. The duration of the pump pulse determines the spatial resolution, which however is limited to about 1m due to phonon lifetime. Alternatively, Brillouin optical frequency-domain analysis (BOFDA) and Brillouin optical correlation-domain analysis (BOCDA) configurations provide cm-scale, or even mm-scale distributed sensing capabilities. In particular, BOFDA sensors make use of a continuous wave (CW) pump wave with superimposed a small-signal modulation. The analysis consists in determining, by use of a vector network analyzer (VNA), the amplitude and phase of the corresponding modulation induced on the probe wave intensity, over a discrete number of modulation frequencies. In BOFDA sensors, spatial resolution can be improved down to the cm-range or mm-range, thanks to the pre-activation of the acoustic wave involved in the scattering process. In this work, we show that mm-scale spatial resolution can be exploited, in a BOFDA configuration, to perform both physical (temperature) and chemical (refractive index) sensing. For the latter, a sidepolished fiber was used in order to make the BFS sensitive to the surrounding refractive index (SRI). A sensitivity of the BFS to the SRI as large as 293 MHz/RIU at nsm = 1.40 is demonstrated experimentally and validated numerically.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 April 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 11028, Optical Sensors 2019, 110281B (11 April 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2519934
Show Author Affiliations
A. Minardo, Univ. degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (Italy)
Agnese Coscetta, Univ. degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (Italy)
Ester Catalano, Univ. degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (Italy)
Romeo Bernini, Istituto per il Rilevamento Elettromagnetico dell'Ambiente (Italy)
Luigi Zeni, Univ. degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11028:
Optical Sensors 2019
Francesco Baldini; Jiri Homola; Robert A. Lieberman, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top
Sign in to read the full article
Create a free SPIE account to get access to
premium articles and original research
Forgot your username?