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Proceedings Paper

Assessing online media reliability: assigning a trust metric value and detecting 'Fake News' (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Today fabricated information is easily distributed throughout social media platforms and the internet, allowing embellished information to effortlessly slip through, misinform and manipulate the public to an attacker's erroneous execution. Falsified information –also known as "fake news" -- has been around for many centuries, but today it presents a unique challenge because it can affect voting patterns, political careers, new business product roll-outs, and countless other information consumption processes. This paper proposes a method that uses machine learning, and Bayes' theorem to identify “Fake News” stories. We use Bayesian estimators to calculate the conditional probability that a story is fake given the presence of feature predictors inside a news story. We present a concise summary of the qualitative methods used to study Fake News stories followed by the Computational Social Science and Machine Learning methods used to train and tune a classifier to detect Fake News. We expose some of the main linguistic trends identified in social media platforms associated with Fake News. We close the paper proposing a larger integrated system that can be used to identify and autonomously archive falsified content.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 May 2019
Proc. SPIE 11011, Cyber Sensing 2019, 110110C (14 May 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2519915
Show Author Affiliations
Nicholas Snell, North Dakota State Univ. (United States)
Terry Traylor, North Dakota State Univ. (United States)
U.S. Marine Corps (United States)
Jeremy Straub, North Dakota State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 11011:
Cyber Sensing 2019
Igor V. Ternovskiy; Peter Chin, Editor(s)

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