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Proceedings Paper

Eddy current non-destructive evaluation of manufacturing flaws and operational damage in CFRP composites
Author(s): Robin James; Mohammad Faisal Haider; Victor Giurgiutiu; David Lilienthal
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Paper Abstract

The manufacturing process of carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite structures can introduce many characteristic defects and flaws such as fiber misorientation, fiber waviness and wrinkling. Therefore, it becomes increasingly important to detect the presence of these defects at the earliest stages of development. Eddy current testing (ECT) is a nondestructive inspection (NDI) technique which has been proven quite effective in metallic structures. However, NDI of composite structures has mainly relied on other methods such as ultrasonics and X-ray to name a few, and not much on ECT. In this paper, we explore the possibility of using ECT in NDI of CFRP composites. We base our research on the fact that the CFRP displays some low-level electric conductivity due to the inherent conductivity of the carbon fibers. This low-level conductivity may permit eddy-current pathways that can be exploited for NDI detection. An invention disclosure describing our high-frequency ECT method is being progressed. We use multiphysics FEM simulation to simulate the detection of various types of manufacturing flaws and operational damage in CFRP composites such as fiber misorientation; waviness; wrinkling, etc. ECT experiments were conducted on CFRP specimens with manufacturing flaws using the Eddyfi Reddy eddy current array (ECA) system.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2019
PDF: 20 pages
Proc. SPIE 10971, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII, 109711N (1 April 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2515505
Show Author Affiliations
Robin James, Univ. of South Carolina (United States)
Mohammad Faisal Haider, Univ. of South Carolina (United States)
Victor Giurgiutiu, Univ. of South Carolina (United States)
David Lilienthal, The Boeing Company (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10971:
Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII
Andrew L. Gyekenyesi, Editor(s)

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