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Proceedings Paper

Shape memory alloy-based flexible manipulator for miniature submersible robots
Author(s): Prashanth Sheri; Prabhu Rajagopal
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a design for a shape memory alloy (SMA) based flexible manipulator on miniature underwater Remote Operated Vehicles (ROVs). Conventional manipulators using separate electrical motor actuators and sensors can lead to problems in installation and control of miniature ROV during underwater operation. The size, weight and dimensions of the conventional manipulators are the main reasons for load interactions between ROV and manipulator which affects the stability and control. As an alternative approach here, an SMA wire trained with two-way shape memory effect and the concept of segment actuation is presented as a flexible manipulator for miniature ROV. Forward kinematic expressions as a function of segment length are developed and used for understanding the workspace and manipulation capabilities of the manipulator. Actuation models for heating and cooling of the segments independently and the experimental validation of the analytical expressions for underwater application are presented. The effect of fluid interaction on the conventional manipulator and SMA manipulator and the stability and control effect on ROV are also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 March 2019
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 10968, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials XIII, 109680Z (29 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2514236
Show Author Affiliations
Prashanth Sheri, Indian Institute of Technology Madras (India)
Prabhu Rajagopal, Indian Institute of Technology Madras (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10968:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials XIII
Hani E. Naguib, Editor(s)

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