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Proceedings Paper

Dielectric metamaterial waveguide for optical interconnect and sensing
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Paper Abstract

Silicon subwavelength grating metamaterial (SGM), formed by periodically interleaving two or more types of materials a pitch far less than the operating wavelength, has been attracting substantial interest in recent years. It provides an effective approach to tailor the optical properties of naturally existing materials and thereby develop integrated photonic devices with unprecedented applications. In this paper, we introduce silicon photonics SGM waveguide based devices for optical interconnect and sensing applications. Silicon provides high index contrast and thus device footprints can be made very small. However, high index contrast is a double-edged sword, which also leads to a few devastating limitations such as limited photon-matter interaction and high dispersion. SGM waveguide can potentially resolve these issues. For instance, silicon-organic hybrid SGM modulator demonstrates < 44 GHz 6 dB bandwidth and estimated energy consumption of 2.55 fJ/bit. SGM waveguide based refractive index sensors show eminent improvement on the sensitivity compared to conventional strip waveguide based resonators. In the meantime, unlike evanescent wave based sensors, the surface sensitivity of SGM sensors does not decrease as analytes accumulate on the waveguide surface. SGM waveguide based passive components demonstrate improved bandwidth due to the decrease of waveguide dispersion. Other potential applications of SGM waveguide will also be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10924, Optical Interconnects XIX, 109240T (19 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2513817
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaochuan Xu, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)
Zeyu Pan, Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)
Chi-Jui Chung, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Ching-Wen Chang, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
National Sun Yat-Sen Univ. (Taiwan)
Hai Yan, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Ray T. Chen, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Omega Optics, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10924:
Optical Interconnects XIX
Henning Schröder; Ray T. Chen, Editor(s)

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