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Proceedings Paper

Identifying disease-free chest x-ray images with deep transfer learning
Author(s): Ken C. L. Wong; Mehdi Moradi; Joy Wu; Tanveer Syeda-Mahmood
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Paper Abstract

Chest X-rays (CXRs) are among the most commonly used medical image modalities. They are mostly used for screening, and an indication of disease typically results in subsequent tests. As this is mostly a screening test used to rule out chest abnormalities, the requesting clinicians are often interested in whether a CXR is normal or not. A machine learning algorithm that can accurately screen out even a small proportion of the “real normal” exams out of all requested CXRs would be highly beneficial in reducing the workload for radiologists. In this work, we report a deep neural network trained for classifying CXRs with the goal of identifying a large number of normal (disease-free) images without risking the discharge of sick patients. We use an ImageNet-pretrained Inception-ResNet-v2 model to provide the image features, which are further used to train a model on CXRs labelled by expert radiologists. The probability threshold for classification is optimized for 100% precision for the normal class, ensuring no sick patients are released. At this threshold we report an average recall of 50%. This means that the proposed solution has the potential to cut in half the number of disease-free CXRs examined by radiologists, without risking the discharge of sick patients.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10950, Medical Imaging 2019: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 109500P (13 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2513164
Show Author Affiliations
Ken C. L. Wong, IBM Research - Almaden (United States)
Mehdi Moradi, IBM Research - Almaden (United States)
Joy Wu, IBM Research - Almaden (United States)
Tanveer Syeda-Mahmood, IBM Research - Almaden (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10950:
Medical Imaging 2019: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Kensaku Mori; Horst K. Hahn, Editor(s)

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