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Proceedings Paper

Deep learning for identifying breast cancer malignancy and false recalls: a robustness study on training strategy
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Paper Abstract

Identification of malignancy and false recalls (women who are recalled in screening for additional workup, but later proven benign) in screening mammography has significant clinical value for accurate diagnosis of breast cancer. Deep learning methods have recently shown success in the area of medical imaging classification. However, there are a multitude of different training strategies that can significantly impact the overall model performance for a specific classification task. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of training strategy on classification of digital mammograms by performing a robustness analysis of deep learning models to distinguish malignancy and false-recall from normal (benign) findings. Specifically, we employed several pre-training strategies including transfer learning with medical and non-medical datasets, layer freezing, and varied network structure on both binary and three-class classification tasks of digital mammography images. We found that, overall, deep learning models appear to be robust to some modifications of network structure and pre-training strategy that we tested for mammogram-specific classification tasks. However, for specific classification tasks, some training strategies offer performance gains. The most notable performance gains in our experiments involved residual network models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2019
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 10950, Medical Imaging 2019: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 1095005 (13 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512942
Show Author Affiliations
Kadie Clancy, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Lei Zhang, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Aly Mohamed, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Sarah Aboutalib, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Wendie Berg, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)
Shandong Wu, Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10950:
Medical Imaging 2019: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Kensaku Mori; Horst K. Hahn, Editor(s)

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