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Demonstration of improved image resolution for larger focal spot sizes by decreasing anode angles in clinical settings
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Paper Abstract

Image-guided neuro-endovascular interventional studies often require a high resolution image quality which requires the use of small focal-spot sizes. There is always a tradeoff while choosing focal-spot sizes. The use of small- focal-spots gives better spatial resolution but limits x-ray tube output and tube loading. The use of larger- focal-spots provides better heat dissipation capacity and higher x-ray output but gives rise to geometric blurring hence loss of spatial resolution. A method has been proposed which incorporates the use of the line-focus principle that can achieve a smaller projected focal-spot while keeping the actual focal-spot size as the medium focal-spot. Here the gantry is tilted to reduce the effective anode angle, hence the central axis is tilted producing a smaller projected focal-spot. This was tested by acquiring images of a Pipeline stent in the right jugular vein and a guidewire of a rabbit using a high-resolution CMOSbased fluoroscopic detector with 75um pixels. Also the gantry was tilted in the anode-cathode direction shifting the central axis to the anode side of the beam and the rabbit was aligned with the new perpendicular ray. Acquired images, for small focal-spot, medium focal-spot, and 7-degree tilted medium focal-spot were compared. While small focal-spot images demonstrated superior resolution, and both tilted and untilted medium focal spot images demonstrated lower noise due to the increased tube output the tilted medium focal spot images exhibited improved resolution. Line profiles and quantitative measures of generalized relative object detectability confirmed the advantage of the tilted medium focalspot method above all.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 March 2019
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 10953, Medical Imaging 2019: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging, 109531J (15 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512877
Show Author Affiliations
H. Nishankar, Canon Stroke and Vascular Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
A. Shankar, Canon Stroke and Vascular Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
S. V. Setlur Nagesh, Canon Stroke and Vascular Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
D. Bednarek, Canon Stroke and Vascular Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo (United States)
S. Rudin, Canon Stroke and Vascular Research Ctr., Univ. at Buffalo (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10953:
Medical Imaging 2019: Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural, and Functional Imaging
Barjor Gimi; Andrzej Krol, Editor(s)

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