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Proceedings Paper

Conformal radiofrequency ablation to validate ultrasound thermometry
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Paper Abstract

Thermal ablation is a clinical procedure that aims at destroying pathological tissue minimally invasively through temperature changes. Temperature monitoring during the treatment is instrumental to achieve a precise and successful ablation procedure: ensuring a complete target ablation while preserving as much healthy tissue as possible. Ultrasound (US) is a promising low cost and portable modality, that could provide real-time temperature monitoring. However, the validation of such a technique is challenging. It is usually done with thermometers. They provide temperature measurements with good temporal resolution but only at a few local points. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the gold standard in term of temperature monitoring nowadays. It could also be used for validation of other thermometry techniques with a more accurate spatial resolution, but it requires MR-compatible devices. In this paper, we propose to leverage the use of a novel bipolar radiofrequency (RF) ablation device that provides 10 different ablation shapes to validate an ultrasound-based temperature monitoring method. The monitoring method relies on an external ultrasound element integrated with the bipolar RF ablation probe. This element send through the ablated tissues ultrasound waves that carry time-of-flight information. The ultrasound waves are collected by a clinical diagnostic ultrasound probe and can be related to the changes in temperature due to the ablation since ultrasound propagation velocity in biological tissue changes as temperature increases. We use this ultrasound-based method to monitor temperature during RF ablation. First on simulation data and then on two ex-vivo porcine liver experiments. Those dataset are used to show that we can validate the proposed temperature reconstruction method using the novel conformal radiofrequency ablation device by generating different ablation shapes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10951, Medical Imaging 2019: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling, 1095122 (8 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512788
Show Author Affiliations
Chloé Audigier, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Younsu Kim, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)
Jens Ziegle, Otto-von-Guericke Univ. Magdeburg (Germany)
Michael Friebe, Otto-von-Guericke Univ. Magdeburg (Germany)
Emad M. Boctor, Johns Hopkins Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10951:
Medical Imaging 2019: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Baowei Fei; Cristian A. Linte, Editor(s)

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