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Template models for forced-localization tasks
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Paper Abstract

We have previously presented the results of a psychophysical study of forced localization performance in tasks that include ramp-spectrum noise as a model of CT acquisition noise. The study used efficiency analysis and the classification image technique to better understand the mechanisms of performance. In this work, we begin the process of developing models of observer performance for these tasks. Since the image statistics for these tasks are well defined, we can use the ensemble image mean and covariance to compute templates for several standard model observers (PWMF, NPW, NPWE, and four implementations of the CHO). The goal of this work is to compare these with the human observer classification images to see if they are using spatial weighting of images in similar ways to perform the tasks. The most direct comparison would be of a model-observer template to the average human-observer classification image. However it may be the case that the classification image estimation procedure introduces bias into the classification image. Additionally, classification images may have effects from internal noise. Thus we also explore a comparison of humans and models in which the model is elaborated with internal noise and used as a scanning linear filter to generate localization responses. A classification image is then estimated for the model and compared with human-observer classification images. We compare both performance and the classification-image profile to the human-subject data. We find very limited ability to fit both endpoints.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 10952, Medical Imaging 2019: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 1095206 (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512302
Show Author Affiliations
Craig K. Abbey, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States)
Frank W. Samuelson, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (United States)
Rongping Zeng, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (United States)
John M. Boone, Univ. of California, Davis (United States)
Miguel P. Eckstein, Univ. of California, Santa Barbara (United States)
Kyle Myers, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10952:
Medical Imaging 2019: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
Robert M. Nishikawa; Frank W. Samuelson, Editor(s)

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