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Proceedings Paper

Dose-independent near-ideal DQE of a 75 μm pixel GaAs photon counting spectral detector for breast imaging
Author(s): Spyridon Gkoumas; Thomas Thuering; Alfonso G. Taboada; Arne Jensen; Michael Rissi; Christian Broennimann; Pietro Zambon
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Paper Abstract

State-of-the-art X-ray breast imaging (BI) modalities such as digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), contrast enhanced spectral mammography (CESM) and breast CT (BCT) impose demanding requirements on digital X-ray detectors. This work studies the imaging performance of a GaAs two-threshold photon-counting detector (PCD) prototype for BI relevant X-ray spectra. The prototype has a 75 μm pixel size, two calibrated energy thresholds from 8 to 60 keV, 8 x 4 cm2 area and a 0.5 mm thick GaAs sensor. The X-ray spectra used were 28 and 35 kVp with 2 mm Al filtration from a W-target tube emulating RQA-M2. The main imaging metrics probed include modulation transfer function (MTF) and detective quantum efficiency (DQE). Air kerma spanned three orders of magnitude from 370 nGy to 330 μGy. Furthermore, the detector’s linearity, lag and ghosting were also tested. For 28 kVp, the GaAs PCD exhibits 85% and 48% DQE for 0 and 5 lp/mm respectively, independent of the applied dose. MTF ranges from 98% to 53% for 1 and 6.667 lp/mm (Nyquist limit). Excellent linearity, zero lag and ghosting were observed. GaAs PCD technology is an ideal candidate for BI detector panels. Its stable temporal behavior, inherent zero readout noise and excellent DQE independent of the applied X-ray dose, improve on the combined advantages of current CsI/CMOS and a-Se/a-Si BI detectors. In addition, the multiple energy thresholds can enable spectral single-shot methods without motion blur.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2019
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 10948, Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging, 109480V (1 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2512235
Show Author Affiliations
Spyridon Gkoumas, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)
Thomas Thuering, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)
Alfonso G. Taboada, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)
Arne Jensen, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)
Michael Rissi, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)
Christian Broennimann, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)
Pietro Zambon, DECTRIS Ltd. (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10948:
Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging
Taly Gilat Schmidt; Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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