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Proceedings Paper

Excitation of Fe(2+) ions via Cr(2+)->Fe(2+) and Co(2+)->Fe(2+) energy transfer in co-doped chalcogenide laser crystals (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Recent progress in iron doped II-VI chalcogenide laser materials enabled important advancements in room temperature high energy, high power laser systems operating over 3.5-6.0 um. However, a lack of efficient and convenient pump sources for direct pumping of Fe(2+) ions limits possible applications of these materials. One viable option is using readily available pump sources to excite iron centers via Förster-Dexter energy transfer between transition metal ions. This paper reports on the characterization of iron-chromium and iron-cobalt energy transfer in Fe:Cr:ZnSe and Fe:Co:ZnSe co-doped crystals. The kinetics photoluminescence and spectroscopic measurements at 5T2-5E chromium and iron transitions indicated an efficient resonance energy transfer between ions even at room temperature. It was demonstrated that an energy transfer rate in Fe-Cr centers could be shorter than the upper level lifetime of Fe(2+) ions in ZnSe with total TM ions concentration larger than 10^19 cm^-3. Therefore, this mechanism can serve as an effective pump pathway for Fe lasing. Analysis of the dipole-dipole coupling between Fe(2+) and Cr(2+) ions demonstrated the for the shortest distance between iron and chromium ions in ZnSe host, the energy transfer rate is smaller than 1 ns. The absence of excited state absorption in Fe:Cr:ZnSe host make this materials more attractive in comparison with Fe:Co:ZnSe where Fe lasing due to excited state absorption of Co(2+) ions was limited only to low (<30K) temperature.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10896, Solid State Lasers XXVIII: Technology and Devices, 108961F (13 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2511775
Show Author Affiliations
Vladimir V. Fedorov, IPG Photonics Corp. (United States)
The Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham (United States)
Tristan Carlson, The Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham (United States)
Ozarfar Gafarov, The Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham (United States)
Sergey Mirov, IPG Photonics Corp. (United States)
The Univ. of Alabama at Birmingham (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10896:
Solid State Lasers XXVIII: Technology and Devices
W. Andrew Clarkson; Ramesh K. Shori, Editor(s)

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