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Proceedings Paper

Indirect photon-counting x-ray imaging using CMOS Photon Detector (CPD)
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Paper Abstract

CMOS photon detectors (CPDs) are recently proposed photon sensing devices utilizing the latest CMOS image sensor (CIS) technologies [1]. CPDs are non-electron-multiplying devices, whose pixels have a fully depleted photo diode and have a readout noise of sub electron RMS even at room temperature. Using a 15μm pixel CPD test device coupled to a CsI(Tl) scintillator, we successfully obtained photon-count X-ray images. A Hamamatsu Photonics scintillator with 150μm CsI(Tl) layer coupled to fiber optic plate (FOP) of 3mm thickness is diced in dry condition and directly glued to the sensor surface. X-ray photons are injected from an X-ray tube with accelerating voltage of 30kV and 45kV using W target. Each X-ray photon creates a scintillation light spot in the captured images, where the injected position and photon energy are determined by integrating multiple pixel outputs at that spot. X-ray energy distributions were obtained at both 30kV and 45kV with reasonable differences. Modulated transfer function (MTF) of over 0.7 at 10LP/mm was achieved by mapping injected positions at 30kV. Photon-count images for slanted-edge MTF measurements as well as 10LP/mm of X-ray test chart were achieved. Those photon-count images were compared with conventional energy integrating images obtained with the same sensing device. Both image types confirmed superior resolution with photon-counting. This indirect X-ray photon counting technique using CPD has a potential of getting critical X-ray information for medical applications by achieving accurate injected positions of X-ray photons and their energies simultaneously.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2019
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 10948, Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging, 109481U (1 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2510996
Show Author Affiliations
Toshiyuki Nishihara, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corp. (Japan)
Hiroyasu Baba, Sony Global Manufacturing & Operations Corp. (Japan)
Masao Matsumura, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corp. (Japan)
Oichi Kumagai, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corp. (Japan)
Takashi Izawa, Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corp. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10948:
Medical Imaging 2019: Physics of Medical Imaging
Taly Gilat Schmidt; Guang-Hong Chen; Hilde Bosmans, Editor(s)

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