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Proceedings Paper

Targeted Sudan Black nanobubbles as photoacoustic contrast agents for breast cancer imaging (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Nanobubbles are a new class of ultrasound contrast agents. Unlike conventional microbubbles, their sub-micron (~200nm) diameter allows them to extravasate outside the vasculature and accumulate in the tumor interstitium. In this study, nanobubbles with shells loaded with Sudan Black (BNB) and DiD fluorescent dye were synthesized. These nanobubbles can be used to simultaneously enhance ultrasound and photoacoustic signals for in vivo breast tumor imaging. The nanobubbles consisted of lipid shells with a C3F8 gas core and were formed via self-assembly driven by mechanical agitation and size isolation via centrifugation. Herceptin antibody was conjugated to the BNB for targeting HER2-positive cells via standard EDC/NHS coupling chemistry. Human breast cancer cell lines (BT474 as HER2-positive and MDA-MB-231 as HER2-negative) were inoculated in the flanks of BALB/c-B17-Scid mice. Ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging (VevoLAZR, 21MHz, 720nm) were performed pre-injection and post-injection of the Herceptin conjugated BNB. The impact of Herceptin targeting was assessed by computing the PA frequency spectra and the non-linear contrast US images of the tumor regions. Photoacoustic images of the HER2-positive tumor showed an average of 6 dB increase in contrast signal 2 mins post-injection, while the HER2-negative MDA tumors showed a negligible change in image contrast, suggesting increased uptake of Herceptin labelled BNBs. The enhanced contrast is also confirmed by the non-linear contrast signals between positive and negative tumors. The photoacoustic technique can potentially be used to examine the kinetics of BNB extravasation. This work shows the potential of BNBs as multi-modal contrast agents capable of specialized tumor imaging in vivo.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2019
Proc. SPIE 10878, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2019, 108782F (4 March 2019); doi: 10.1117/12.2510876
Show Author Affiliations
Yanjie Wang, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)
Eno Hysi, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)
Michael J. Moore, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)
Al Christopher De Leon, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Eric Abenojar, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Agata A. Exner, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Michael C. Kolios, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10878:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2019
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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