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Proceedings Paper

Process integration of TDEAT-based MOCVD TiN as diffusion barrier for advanced metallization
Author(s): Fang Hong Gn; Qiong Li; Lap Hung Chan; Simon Y. M. Chooi
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Paper Abstract

Decreasing contact geometry imposes stringent requirements on barrier metals in providing good barrier against Al-Si interdiffusion. The challenge for the barrier metal technologies is to develop a process to give conformal and thermally stable barrier metal film at low enough temperature, so as to be applicable to multilevel interconnect metallization. Collimated Ti/TiN process results in overhanging at the top of the contact and conformality is no way possible. CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) process has been demonstrated to provide excellent conformality and is definitely an attractive option for sub-half micron technology. Process integration of Metalorganic CVD (MOCVD) TiN using TDEAT (Tetrakis(diethylamido) Titanium) precursor and NH3 as co-reactant, together with PVD Ti has been demonstrated as diffusion barrier at contact level for advanced metallization. Two process pressure and temperature regimes of deposition were evaluated. The 30 Torr, 300 degree(s)C higher step coverage process and the 10 Torr, 425 degree(s)C lower resistivity were under study. All barrier stacks went through vacuum break before CVD TiN deposition. RTP was carried out either right after PVD Ti deposition or after CVD TiN deposition. Its impact on contact resistances and junction leakages upon thermal stress were investigated. In addition, the impact of Ti wetting layer on electrical parameters and barrier integrity, which is essential for Al planarization on small geometry contacts, was also studied.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 September 1996
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2875, Microelectronic Device and Multilevel Interconnection Technology II, (13 September 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.250878
Show Author Affiliations
Fang Hong Gn, Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. (Singapore)
Qiong Li, Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. (Singapore)
Lap Hung Chan, Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. (Singapore)
Simon Y. M. Chooi, Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing Ltd. (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2875:
Microelectronic Device and Multilevel Interconnection Technology II
Ih-Chin Chen; Nobuo Sasaki; Divyesh N. Patel; Girish A. Dixit, Editor(s)

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