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Proceedings Paper

Advanced simulation technology used to reduce accident rates through a better understanding of human behaviors and human perception
Author(s): Michael P. Manser; Peter A. Hancock
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Paper Abstract

Human beings and technology have attained a mutually dependent and symbiotic relationship. It is easy to recognize how each depends on the other for survival. It is also easy to see how technology advances due to human activities. However, the role technology plays in advancing humankind is seldom examined. This presentation examines two research areas where the role of advanced visual simulation systems play an integral and essential role in understanding human perception and behavior. The ultimate goal of this research is the betterment of humankind through reduced accident and death rates in transportation environments. The first research area examined involved the estimation of time-to-contact. A high-fidelity wrap-around simulator (RAS) was used to examine people's ability to estimate time-to- contact. The ability of people to estimate the amount of time before an oncoming vehicle will collide with them is a necessary skill for avoiding collisions. A vehicle approached participants at one of three velocities, and while en route to the participant, the vehicle disappeared. The participants' task was to respond when they felt the accuracy of time-to-contact estimates and the practical applications of the result. The second area of research investigates the effects of various visual stimuli on underground transportation tunnel walls for the perception of vehicle speed. A RAS is paramount in creating visual patterns in peripheral vision. Flat-screen or front-screen simulators do not have this ability. Results are discussed in terms of speed perception and the application of these results to real world environments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 June 1996
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2740, High-Fidelity Simulation for Training, Test Support, Mission Rehearsal, and Civilian Applications, (12 June 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.242985
Show Author Affiliations
Michael P. Manser, Univ. of Minnesota/Twin Cities (United States)
Peter A. Hancock, Univ. of Minnesota/Twin Cities (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2740:
High-Fidelity Simulation for Training, Test Support, Mission Rehearsal, and Civilian Applications
Nickolas L. Faust, Editor(s)

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