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Proceedings Paper

Preisach modeling of piezoceramic and shape memory alloy hysteresis
Author(s): Declan C. Hughes; John T. Wen
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Paper Abstract

Smart materials such as piezoceramics, magnetostrictive materials, and shape memory alloys exhibit significant hysteresis, especially when driven with large input signals. Hysteresis can lead to unwanted harmonics, inaccuracy in open loop control, and instability in closed loop control. The Preisach independent domain hysteresis model has been shown to capture the major features of hysteresis arising in ferromagnetic materials. Noting the similarity between the microscopic domain kinematics that generate static hysteresis effects in ferromagnetics, piezoceramics, and shape memory alloys, we apply the Preisach model for the hysteresis in piezoceramic and shape memory alloy materials. This paper reviews the basic properties of the Preisach model, discusses control-theoretic issues such as identification, simulation, and inversion, and presents experimental results for piezoceramic sheet actuators bonded to a flexible aluminum beam, and a Nitinol SMA wire muscle that applies a bending force to the end of a beam.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 1996
PDF: 22 pages
Proc. SPIE 2715, Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures, (31 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.240827
Show Author Affiliations
Declan C. Hughes, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
John T. Wen, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2715:
Smart Structures and Materials 1996: Mathematics and Control in Smart Structures
Vasundara V. Varadan; Jagdish Chandra, Editor(s)

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