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Proceedings Paper

Stress and defect damage of CO2 laser optics: time of damage analysis
Author(s): Wilfried Plass; Adolf Giesen
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Paper Abstract

Laser damage experiments in the long-pulse regime show for coated CO2-laser optics two distinct damage mechanisms. These damage mechanisms can be distinguished by their time of damage behavior. The time of damage is measured with a previously presented setup, which was refined to improve the accuracy of the measurements. The two mechanisms are interpreted as induced by either defects or stresses in the coating. For the defect induced case, damage occurs at or before the peak fluence of the laser pulse, while for the stress induced case, the damage is observed laser. For both mechanisms, analytical transient heat flow calculations are discussed. While for the defect induced damage, a good thermal contact of the small defects to the host explains the observed behavior, for the stress induced damage a 1D heat-flow model of a film-substrate system is used taking into account for actual temporal profile of the laser pulse. The experimental data of coated metal mirrors as well as ZnSe- and Germanium optics are very well described by this model even if bulk material parameters are used for the film. Some samples show both damage mechanisms. In this case the defect induced LIDT is lower than the stress induced one. The separation of these mechanisms is useful for an effective improvement of optical coatings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 May 1996
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 2714, 27th Annual Boulder Damage Symposium: Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1995, (27 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.240411
Show Author Affiliations
Wilfried Plass, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)
Adolf Giesen, Univ. Stuttgart (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2714:
27th Annual Boulder Damage Symposium: Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1995
Harold E. Bennett; Arthur H. Guenther; Mark R. Kozlowski; Brian Emerson Newnam; M. J. Soileau, Editor(s)

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