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Proceedings Paper

Enhancing stimulated Raman scattering of weaker gain Raman modes in microdroplets by seeding and efficient pumping
Author(s): Md. Mohiuddin Mazumder; Mitchell H. Fields; Justin M. Hartings; Xiaoyun Pu; Alfred S.L. Kwok; Karl Schaschek; Richard K. Chang
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Paper Abstract

High-Q morphology-dependent resonances (MDR's) in microdroplets provide optical feedback for nonlinear processes such as stimulated Raman scattering (SRS). The SRS signal from weaker gain modes or from the minority species in a binary mixture droplet is small, because of depletion of the pump beam by the strongest-gain Raman mode. We present an effective- average Raman gain formula and discuss the factors that contribute to the enhancement of SRS intensity. Spatial overlap between pump wave and SRS wave is an important factor in determining the SRS intensity. We have observed that in a binary mixture microdroplet, the SRS of the majority species is more efficient (because of good spatial overlap) in pumping the minority species than the input laser itself. Laser-induced distortion can couple light efficiently into a droplet. We have used a variable number (3 - 6) of mode-locked 100-psec laser pulses focused on the droplet rim. The SRS emission from a minority species increases as the number of input pulses is increased, because cumulative laser-induced surface distortion couples more energy into the droplet. SRS signal at the Stokes shift of a weaker gain mode or of the mode of a minority species can be enhanced by seeding light at the SRS wavelengths. The seed signal is obtained from the fluorescence of a dye added to the microdroplet or from external coupling of light into the droplet. A lasing dye (Rhodamine 6G) is added to pure ethanol droplet. By using an excimer-pumped tunable dye laser as the excitation source, the weaker gain C-C-O mode (882 cm-1 Stokes shift) of ethanol is overlapped spectrally with the fluorescence and lasing of R6G. The SRS signal of the C-C-O mode is enhanced, because (1) the fluorescence of R6G at the SRS wavelength adds to the spontaneous SRS emission and (2) the gain from population inversion adds to the Raman gain. We have also observed enhanced SRS emission from a minority species (benzene) in dodecane by using internal dye seeding. We externally seeded ethanol SRS (2928 cm-1) in a binary mixture (12% ethanol and 88% water) microdroplet by using a frequency-doubled Nd-YAG pumped tunable dye laser. A large (factor of 45) enhancement in the ethanol SRS (integrated over 100 shots of a 10-ns laser) has been observed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 May 1996
PDF: 18 pages
Proc. SPIE 2700, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, (10 May 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.239673
Show Author Affiliations
Md. Mohiuddin Mazumder, Yale Univ. (United States)
Mitchell H. Fields, Yale Univ. (United States)
Justin M. Hartings, Yale Univ. (United States)
Xiaoyun Pu, Yale Univ. (United States)
Alfred S.L. Kwok, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Karl Schaschek, Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany)
Richard K. Chang, Yale Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2700:
Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion
Mool C. Gupta; William J. Kozlovsky; David C. MacPherson, Editor(s)

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