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Proceedings Paper

Use of the carbon dioxide laser in guided tissue-regeneration wound healing in the beagle dog
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Rossmann D.D.S.; Ates Parlar D.D.S.; Khaled Atef Abdel-Ghaffar D.D.S.; Amr Moustafa El-Khouli; Michael Israel D.D.S.
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Paper Abstract

The concept of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) allowing cells from the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone to repopulate the treated root surface has shown the ability to obtain periodontal new attachment. Healing studies have also shown that conventional GTR therapy still does not exclude all the epithelium. This epithelial proliferation apically interferes with the establishment of the new connective tissue attachment to the root surface. The objective of this research study was to examine whether controlled de-epithelialization with the carbon dioxide laser during the healing phase after periodontal surgery, would retard the apical migration of the epithelium and thereby enhance the results obtained through guided tissue regeneration. Eight beagle dogs were used, the experimental side received de-epithelialization with the CO2 laser in conjunction with flap reflection and surgically created buccal osseous defects. Selected defects on each side were treated with ePTFE periodontal membranes. The laser de-epithelialization was repeated every 10 days until removal of the membranes. The control side received the same surgical treatment without laser application. This experimental design allowed histologic study of the new attachment obtained in defects treated with flap debridement with or without laser de-epithelialization and with or without ePTFE membranes. A statistical analysis was performed on the histometric data from 48 teeth in the 8 dogs after 4 months of healing. The results showed significant amounts of new attachment obtained from all four treatment modalities with no statistically significant differences for any one treatment. However, the trend towards enhanced regeneration with the combined treatment of laser and membrane vs. membrane alone or debridement alone was evident. The histologic analysis revealed a significant amount of newly formed `fat cementum' seen only on the laser treated teeth. This feature was the most remarkable finding of the study and warrants further research to understand the origin of this phenomenon.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 April 1996
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2672, Lasers in Dentistry II, (23 April 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.238753
Show Author Affiliations
Jeffrey A. Rossmann D.D.S., Univ. of Texas/Houston (United States)
Ates Parlar D.D.S., Univ. of Texas/Houston (United States)
Khaled Atef Abdel-Ghaffar D.D.S., Univ. of Texas/Houston (United States)
Amr Moustafa El-Khouli, Univ. of Texas/Houston (United States)
Michael Israel D.D.S., Univ. of Texas/Houston (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2672:
Lasers in Dentistry II
Harvey A. Wigdor D.D.S.; John D. B. Featherstone; Joel M. White D.D.S.; Joseph Neev, Editor(s)

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