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Proceedings Paper

Temporal analysis of regional wall motion from cine cardiac MRI
Author(s): Osman M. Ratib; Dominique Didier M.D.; Anne Chretien; Antoine Rosset; Isabelle E. Magnin; Yves Ligier
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Paper Abstract

The purpose of this work is to develop and to evaluate an automatic analysis technique for quantitative assessment of cardiac function from cine MRI and to identify regional alterations in synchronicity based on Fourier analysis of ventricular wall motion (WM). A temporal analysis technique of left ventricular wall displacement was developed for quantitative analysis of temporal delays in wall motion and applied to gated cine 'dark blood' cardiac MRI. This imaging technique allows the user to saturate the blood both above and below the imaging slice simultaneously by using a specially designed rf presaturation pulse. The acquisition parameters are: TR equals 25 - 60 msec, TE equals 5 - 7 msec, 0 equals 25 degrees, slice thickness equals 10 mm, 16 to 32 frames/cycle. Automatic edge detection was used to outline the ventricular cavities on all frames of a cardiac cycle. Two different segmentation techniques were applied to all studies and lead to similar results. Further improvement in edge detection accuracy was achieved by temporal interpolation of individual contours on each image of the cardiac cycle. Radial analysis of the ventricular wall motion was then performed along 64 radii drawn from the center of the ventricular cavity. The first harmonic of the Fourier transform of each radial motion curve is calculated. The phase of the fundamental Fourier component is used as an index of synchrony (delay) of regional wall motion. Results are displayed in color-coded maps of regional alterations in the amplitude and synchrony of wall motion. The temporal delays measured from individual segments are evaluated through a histogram of phase distribution, where the width of the main peak is used as an index of overall synchrony of wall motion. The variability of this technique was validated in 10 normal volunteers and was used to identify regions with asynchronous WM in 15 patients with documented CAD. The standard deviation (SD) of phase distribution measured in short axis views was calculated and used to identify regions with asynchronous wall motion in patients with coronary artery disease. Results suggest that this technique is more sensitive than global functional parameters such as ejection fraction for the detection of ventricular dysfunction. Color coded parametric display offers a more convenient way for the identification and localization of regional wall motion asynchrony. Data obtained from endocardial wall motion analysis were not significantly different from wall thickening measurements. The innovative approach of evaluating the temporal behavior of regional wall motion anomalies is expected to provide clinically relevant data about subtle alteration that cannot be detected through simple analysis of the extent (amplitude) of wall motion or myocardial thickening. Temporal analysis of regional WM abnormality from cine MRI offers an innovative and promising means for objective quantitative evaluation of subtle regional abnormalities. Color coded parametric maps allowed a better identification and localization of regional WM asynchrony.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 April 1996
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2710, Medical Imaging 1996: Image Processing, (16 April 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.237992
Show Author Affiliations
Osman M. Ratib, Univ. Hospital of Geneva (United States)
Dominique Didier M.D., Univ. Hospital of Geneva (Switzerland)
Anne Chretien, CREATIS (Switzerland)
Antoine Rosset, Univ. Hospital of Geneva (Switzerland)
Isabelle E. Magnin, CREATIS (France)
Yves Ligier, Univ. Hospital of Geneva (Switzerland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2710:
Medical Imaging 1996: Image Processing
Murray H. Loew; Kenneth M. Hanson, Editor(s)

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