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Proceedings Paper

Spatiotemporal dynamics of high-power semiconductor lasers
Author(s): Ortwin G. Hess
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Paper Abstract

The spatio-temporal dynamics of high-power semiconductor lasers are studied theoretically on the basis of space-dependent microscopic semiconductor-Maxwell-Bloch model equations. In the free-running broad-area and multi-stripe semiconductor lasers, complex spatio-temporal patterns are observed as a result of self-focusing, filamentation and transverse modulational instabilities in space-time images of the near-field output intensity. It is the irregular, possibly chaotic, dynamics of the filaments which are responsible for the generally much inferior beam quality and spectral characteristics of the high-power broad-area lasers when compared to common semiconductor lasers with moderate output power. The inherent coupling of optical diffraction with carrier transport processes leads to the formation of the spatio-temporal patterns. The simultaneous relevance of spectral and spatial hole-burning phenomena is manifested in the space- and time-dependence of the optical near-field showing, at the same time, spatio-temporal and spectral-temporal variations in the sub-ps range.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 April 1996
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 2682, Laser Diodes and Applications II, (12 April 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.237665
Show Author Affiliations
Ortwin G. Hess, DLR (Germany)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2682:
Laser Diodes and Applications II
Kurt J. Linden; Prasad R. Akkapeddi, Editor(s)

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