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Proceedings Paper

Preferred retinal location induced by macular occlusion in a target recognition task
Author(s): James W. Ness; Harry Zwick; Jerome W. Molchany
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Paper Abstract

Laser-induced central retinal damage not only may diminish visual function, but also may diminish afferent input that provides the ocular motor system with the feedback necessary to move the target to the fovea. Local visual field stabilizations have been used to demonstrate that central artificial occlusions in the normal retina suppress visual function. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of local field stabilizations on the ocular motor system in a contrast sensitivity task. Five subjects who tested normal in a standard clinical eye exam viewed landolt rings at varying visual angles under three artificial scotoma conditions and a no scotoma condition. The scotoma conditions were a 2 degree(s) and 5 degree(s) stabilized central scotoma and a 2 degree(s) stabilized scotoma positioned 1 degree(s) nasal to the fovea. A Dual Purkinje Eye-Tracker (SRI, version 5) was used to provide eye-position data and to stabilize the artificial scotoma on the retina. The data showed a consistent preference for placing the target in the superior retina under the 2 degree(s) and 5 degree(s) conditions with a strong positive correlation between visual angle and deflection of the eye position into the superior retina. These data suggest that loss of visual function from laser-induced foveal damage may be due in part to a disruption in the ocular motor system. Thus, even if some function remains in the damage site ophthalmoscopically, the ocular motor system may organize around a nonfoveal retinal location, behaviorally suppressing foveal input.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1996
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 2674, Laser-Inflicted Eye Injuries: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment, (1 April 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.237501
Show Author Affiliations
James W. Ness, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Harry Zwick, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)
Jerome W. Molchany, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2674:
Laser-Inflicted Eye Injuries: Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment
Bruce E. Stuck; Michael Belkin M.D., Editor(s)

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