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Proceedings Paper

Noise measurement technique for document scanners
Author(s): Xiaofan Feng; John T. Newell; Roger Triplett
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Paper Abstract

Scanner noise is one of the fundamental parameters of image quality. In this paper, we present an algorithm developed to derive the noise of a scanner using the 2D Wiener spectra of the test pattern and the scanner's MTF. The Wiener spectra of the test pattern was measured and its contribution to the measured RMS noise was estimated by integrating the volume under the product of the test pattern Wiener spectra and the scanner's MTF. The test pattern contribution was then removed from the measured noise. The derived noise agrees very well with the noise model for both drum scanner and CCD scanners. The structured 1D noise is also of interest especially when evaluating CCD scanner systems. A method was described to accurately determine 1D structured noise by averaging over fast scan and slow scan directions. Finally an experiment was conducted to verify the noise measurement technique. The true noise of a drum scanner was measured at its analog output terminal, and was compared to the noise estimated with the proposed new noise metric. The agreement between hardware measured noise and the estimated noise is very good with RMS error of less than 0.001 in reflectance unit. With this new technique, we can effectively improve the noise measurement accuracy by a factor of up to 500% for a photographic test pattern.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 March 1996
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 2654, Solid State Sensor Arrays and CCD Cameras, (25 March 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.236113
Show Author Affiliations
Xiaofan Feng, Xerox Corp. (United States)
John T. Newell, Xerox Corp. (United States)
Roger Triplett, Xerox Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2654:
Solid State Sensor Arrays and CCD Cameras
Constantine N. Anagnostopoulos; Morley M. Blouke; Michael P. Lesser, Editor(s)

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