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Proceedings Paper

JPEG-based image compression for low-bit-rate coding
Author(s): Prashant P. Gandhi
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Paper Abstract

JPEG, an international standard for still-image compression, is a widely used technique for compressing natural images. Popularity of JPEG stems from its flexibility, reasonable compression rate and ease of implementation. In baseline and progressive modes of JPEG, transform coding based on 8 X 8 block discrete cosine transform (DCT) is used. At high compression ratios (i.e. low bit rates), however, JPEG typically causes blockiness in the reconstructed image. In this paper, we highlight key factors that limit baseline JPEG's performance at low bit rates. Simple modifications within the JPEG construct are studied to improve the overall quality of images at low bit rates. In addition, a multiresolution-like organization of the 2 X 2 block DCT coefficients is considered and is shown to represent the Haar-based subband/wavelet transform.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 1996
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 2669, Still-Image Compression II, (13 March 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.234758
Show Author Affiliations
Prashant P. Gandhi, Texas Instruments Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2669:
Still-Image Compression II
Robert L. Stevenson; Alexander I. Drukarev; Thomas R. Gardos, Editor(s)

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