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Proceedings Paper

Rapid 3D video/laser sensing and digital archiving with immediate on-scene feedback for 3D crime scene/mass disaster data collection and reconstruction
Author(s): Bruce R. Altschuler; William R. Oliver; Martin D. Altschuler
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Paper Abstract

We describe a system for rapid and convenient video data acquisition and 3-D numerical coordinate data calculation able to provide precise 3-D topographical maps and 3-D archival data sufficient to reconstruct a 3-D virtual reality display of a crime scene or mass disaster area. Under a joint U.S. army/U.S. Air Force project with collateral U.S. Navy support, to create a 3-D surgical robotic inspection device -- a mobile, multi-sensor robotic surgical assistant to aid the surgeon in diagnosis, continual surveillance of patient condition, and robotic surgical telemedicine of combat casualties -- the technology is being perfected for remote, non-destructive, quantitative 3-D mapping of objects of varied sizes. This technology is being advanced with hyper-speed parallel video technology and compact, very fast laser electro-optics, such that the acquisition of 3-D surface map data will shortly be acquired within the time frame of conventional 2-D video. With simple field-capable calibration, and mobile or portable platforms, the crime scene investigator could set up and survey the entire crime scene, or portions of it at high resolution, with almost the simplicity and speed of video or still photography. The survey apparatus would record relative position, location, and instantly archive thousands of artifacts at the site with 3-D data points capable of creating unbiased virtual reality reconstructions, or actual physical replicas, for the investigators, prosecutors, and jury.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 February 1996
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2645, 24th AIPR Workshop on Tools and Techniques for Modeling and Simulation, (19 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.233069
Show Author Affiliations
Bruce R. Altschuler, Walter Reed Army Medical Ctr. (United States)
William R. Oliver, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (United States)
Martin D. Altschuler, Univ. of Pennsylvania Hospital (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2645:
24th AIPR Workshop on Tools and Techniques for Modeling and Simulation
Donald J. Gerson, Editor(s)

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