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Proceedings Paper

Randomness generation from a CHSH violation on entangled photon pairs from a continuous source without fair sampling assumptions (Conference Presentation)

Paper Abstract

Quantum physics can provide sources of randomness that can be certified as being uncorrelated to any outside process or variable, i.e. sources of private randomness, based on a violation of a Bell inequality. Initial experimental realizations of such sources of certified randomness are based on atomic or atomic-like systems, but suffer from impractically low generation rates for most applications. High efficiency infrared photodetectors and photon pair sources permitted experimental demonstrations of loophole free violation of the Bell inequality using photons. The random bit generation rate for these setups was on the order of tens per second, where the main limitation is the fixed repetition rate of the photon pair source combined with the small violation observed. In our experiment, we close the detection loophole with a system efficiency over 82%. The source of entangled photon pairs is based on continuously pumped spontaneous parametric down conversion. We estimate a collection efficiency of ≈90% into single mode fibers and detect photons with a transition edge sensors. Detection events are time-tagged and organized into time bins, for which we consider four possible outcomes: one or more detections at Alice’s side, one or more detections at Bob’s side, one or more detections at both Alice’s and Bob’s, and no detection in either channel. These events eventually lead to a CHSH-type Bell inequality that is violated for a range of time bin widths. With such an arrangement, we reach asymptotic device-indepentnet random bit generation rates on the order of 1000 bits per second.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2018
Proc. SPIE 10733, Quantum Photonic Devices 2018, 107330S (18 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2325104
Show Author Affiliations
Christian Kurtsiefer, Ctr. for Quantum Technologies (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10733:
Quantum Photonic Devices 2018
Cesare Soci; Mario Agio; Kartik Srinivasan, Editor(s)

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