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Proceedings Paper

Natural and induced environment around the International Space Station (ISS) as observed during on-orbit operations of the Robotic External Leak Locator (RELL)
Author(s): Katie L. Fox; Alexandra M. Deal; Alvin Y. Huang; Michael J. Heiser; William A. Hartman; Ronald R. Mikatarian; Matthew J. Davis; Adam Naids; Timothy A. Bond; Brien Johnson; Dino J. Rossetti
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Paper Abstract

The Robotic External Leak Locator (RELL) was deployed to the International Space Station (ISS) with the goal of detecting and locating on-orbit leaks around the ISS. Three activities to characterize the background natural and induced environment of ISS were performed with RELL as part of the on-orbit validation and demonstration conducted in November – December 2016. The first demonstration activity pointed RELL directly in the ram (+X) and wake (-X) directions for one orbit each. The ram facing measurements showed high partial pressure for mass-to-charge ratio 16, corresponding to atomic oxygen (AO), as well as the presence of mass-to-charge ratio 17. RELL’s view in the wake-facing direction included more ISS structure and several Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) on-orbit vents were detected, including the Carbon Dioxide Removal Assembly (CDRA), Russian segment ECLSS, and Sabatier vents. The second demonstration activity pointed RELL at three faces of the P1 Truss segment. Effluents from ECLSS and European Space Agency (ESA) Columbus module on-orbit vents were detected by RELL. The partial pressures of massto- charge ratios 17 and 18 remained consistent with the first on-orbit activity of characterizing the natural environment. The third demonstration activity involved RELL scanning an Active Thermal Control System (ATCS) radiator. Three locations along the radiator were scanned and the angular position of RELL with respect to the radiator was varied. Mass-to-charge ratios 16 and 17 both had upward shifts in partial pressure when pointing toward the Radiator Beam Valve Modules (RBVMs), likely corresponding to a known, small ammonia leak.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 September 2018
PDF: 21 pages
Proc. SPIE 10748, Systems Contamination: Prediction, Control, and Performance 2018, 1074806 (19 September 2018); doi: 10.1117/12.2324583
Show Author Affiliations
Katie L. Fox, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Alexandra M. Deal, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Alvin Y. Huang, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Michael J. Heiser, The Boeing Co. (United States)
William A. Hartman, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Ronald R. Mikatarian, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Matthew J. Davis, The Boeing Co. (United States)
Adam Naids, NASA Johnson Space Ctr. (United States)
Timothy A. Bond, NASA Johnson Space Ctr. (United States)
Brien Johnson, NASA Johnson Space Ctr. (United States)
Dino J. Rossetti, Conceptual Analytics, LLC (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 10748:
Systems Contamination: Prediction, Control, and Performance 2018
Carlos E. Soares; Eve M. Wooldridge; Bruce A. Matheson, Editor(s)

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