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Proceedings Paper

Current COIL research in Samara
Author(s): Valeri D. Nikolaev
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Paper Abstract

Development of the high pressure singlet oxygen generator (SOG) is a very important aspect for chemical oxygen-iodine laser (COIL). Increasing of oxygen pressure up to 30 torr and more at conserving high O2(1(Delta) ) yield and maintaining BHP temperature at minus (10 divided by 20) degrees Celsius permits us to decrease ration [H2O]/[O2] to 5% and less. In this case COIL can operate successfully without a water vapor trap. With raising the total pressure Reynolds number increases too, diminishing boundary layers in supersonic nozzles and improving pressure recovery. The weight and dimensions of the SOG and laser become reduced for the same gas flow rate. For solving these problems the jet SOG has been suggested and developed in Lebedev Physical Institute, Samara Branch. The advantages of the jet SOG consist of the following: (1) Large and controlled specific surface of contact liquid-gas provides for high mass transfer efficiency. (2) High jets velocity guarantees fast basic hydrogen peroxide (BHP) surface renovation. (3) High gas velocity in the reaction zone diminishes O2(1(Delta) ) quenching. (4) Efficient gas-liquid heat exchange eliminates the gas heating and generation water vapor due O2(1(Delta) ) quenching. (5) Counterflowing design of the jet SOG produces the best conditions for self-cleaning gas flow of droplets in the reaction zone and gives the possibility of COIL operation without droplets separator. High pressure jet SOG has some features connected with intrachannel jet formation, free space jets reconstruction, interaction jets ensemble with counter moving gas flow and drag part of gas by jets, disintegrating jets, generation and separation of droplets, heat effects, surface renovation, impoverishment BHP surface by HO2- ions, moving solution film on the reaction zone walls, etc. In this communication our current understanding of the major processes in the jet SOG is set forth. The complex gas and hydrodynamic processes with heat and mass transfer, chemical reactions, generation of the relaxing components with high energy store take place in the SOG reaction zone. It is impossible to create a sufficiently exact model of such a jet SOG taking into account all the enumerated processes. But some approximations and simplifications allow us to determine what the main jet SOG parameters parts are for designing COIL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 1996
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2767, Fourth International Workshop on Iodine Lasers and Applications, (13 February 1996); doi: 10.1117/12.232183
Show Author Affiliations
Valeri D. Nikolaev, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute (Russia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2767:
Fourth International Workshop on Iodine Lasers and Applications
Karel Rohlena; Jarmila Kodymova; Bozena Kralikova, Editor(s)

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